Thinking about pursuing a career in the mental health field? Uncertain precisely which mental health career is the best fit? This article gives some options.
Even during times of economic struggle, mental health careers tend to be in demand. In fact, during economic downturns, there could be even more need for mental health professionals because of the stress that people tend to experience associated with financial struggle. Granted, if interested in a mental health career, there are several avenues that could be pursued.
Counsellors and Counseling Psychologist Mental Health Careers
Counsellors typically help clients to better cope with everyday life problems or psychological disorders. There are several different types of counsellors. For example, there are licensed professional counsellors (L.P.C.), and there are marriage and family therapists (M.F.T.). Sometimes counsellors work for mental health centres. Other times, counsellors may choose to have their private practices where they provide mental health services.
Licensed professional counsellors and marriage and family therapists tend to have master’s degrees. They specialize in working with clients with daily life challenges, relationships, or sometimes psychological disorders. On the other hand, licensed chemical dependency counsellors (L.C.D.C.) may not have master’s degrees. In some cases, they may not have post-secondary education depending on the particular state’s requirements that they practice in.
Counselling psychologists typically have either a Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) degree or a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD.) degree. Their training includes coursework and both pre-doctoral and post-doctoral internships. Similar to clinical psychologists, counselling psychologists can do psychological testing and therapy for clients.
Psychiatrists, Clinical Psychologists and Psychoanalyst Mental Health Careers
Psychiatrists have medical degrees (M.D.) and are required to complete years of residency in psychiatry and complete medical school. Their training enables them to give psychotherapy, prescribe medications, or hospitalize patients who have psychological disorders.
Clinical psychologists typically have either a Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) or a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree. Although they are not required to complete medical school, they have to complete coursework and a pre-doctoral and post-doctoral internship in psychology. Upon completion of training and licensure, clinical psychologists can do psychological testing, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders. In some cases, they may also be enabled by local laws to prescribe medications.
Psychoanalysts may have a medical degree, a Psy.D. degree, or a PhD degree. The thing that distinguishes these specialists is their adherence to psychoanalysis, a type of psychology developed by the famous Sigmund Freud and influenced by Carl Jung’s work.
Social Workers and School Psychologist Mental Health Careers
Social workers often have a master’s degree in social work (M.S.W.) degree, including coursework and internship training. Social workers may work in mental health centres, hospitals, schools, or private practice. Their work typically includes doing diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders. In addition, social workers often assist in identifying and coordinating community services that clients may need.
School Psychologists might have a master’s degree, education specialist degree (Ed.S.), PhD degree, or Ed.D. degree. Their training usually includes coursework and psychology internship training. Master’s degree-level school psychologists have pre-master’s degree internship training. In contrast, doctoral-level school psychologists may have pre-doctoral and post-doctoral internship training, enabling them to become licensed psychologists eligible to have a private practice. School psychologists are trained to do psychological testing, diagnosis, and therapy with clients.